Observation of Berry’s Phase in a Solid-State Qubit


Published Online November 22, 2007
Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1149858

In quantum information science, the phase of a wavefunction plays an important role in encoding information. While most experiments in this field rely on dynamic effects to manipulate this information, an alternative approach is to use geometric phase, which has been argued to have potential fault tolerance. We demonstrate the controlled accumulation of a geometric phase, Berry’s phase, in a superconducting qubit, manipulating the qubit geometrically using microwave radiation, and observing the accumulated phase in an interference experiment. We find excellent agreement with Berry’s predictions, and also observe a geometry dependent contribution to dephasing.

 To whom correspondence should be addressed.
P. J. Leek , E-mail: leek@phys.ethz.ch

A. Wallraff , E-mail: andreas.wallraff@phys.ethz.ch

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